Database Abstraction Layer for PHP

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autoExecute is designed to provide a robust simple interface to record updating and insertion. As such, it contains multiple layers of table, column and data validation to ensure data integrity prior to record insertion or update. Consequently, there may be some performance degradation when used for large numbers of record updates. Consider using execute() for that purpose instead.

See Also


  bool autoExecute(
     string $tables,
     string[] $arrFields,
     string $mode,
     optional mixed $where=false
     optional bool $forceUpdate=false


The function autoExecute() can automatically generate and execute INSERT and UPDATE statements on a given table with this function, and is a wrapper for getInsertSQL() and getUpdateSQL()

autoExecute() inserts or updates $table given an array of $arrFields, where the keys are the field names and the array values are the field values to store. Note that there is some overhead because the table is first queried to extract key information before the SQL is generated. An INSERT or UPDATE is generated based on $mode (see below).


The name of the table to update


An associative array of field⇒value pairs


Legal values for ` $mode ` are



The $where clause is required if $mode == 'UPDATE'.


false(default). Only fields that have been modified are updatedThe database record is re-read before update
trueAll fields provided are updatedThe constructed statement may be considerably larger


autoExecute($table, $arrFields, $mode, $where=false, $forceUpdate=true)

Insert example

$table               = 'people'
$record["first_name"] = "Carol";
$record["last_name"]  = "Smith"; 
 * result executes "INSERT INTO people (first_name,last_name) values ('Carol',Smith')";

Update example

$table               = 'people'
$record["first_name"] = 'Carol';
$record["last_name"]  = 'Jones'; 
$where               = "last_name like 'Sm%'";
$conn->autoExecute($table,$record,'UPDATE', $where);
 * result executes "UPDATE people SET first_name='Carol',last_name='Jones' WHERE last_name like 'Sm%'";

In situations where the table names contain certain special characters, such as dashes, the $ADODB_QUOTE_FIELDNAMES setting can be used to wrap the table and field names.

$table               = 'people'
$record["first-name"] = 'Carol';
$record["last-name"]  = 'Jones'; 
$where               = "last_name like 'Sm%'";
$conn->autoExecute($table,$record,'UPDATE', $where);
 * result executes "UPDATE `people` SET `first-name`='Carol',`last-name`='Jones' WHERE `last-name` like 'Sm%'";
v5/reference/connection/autoexecute.txt · Last modified: 2021/01/25 03:07 by mnewnham