Database Abstraction Layer for PHP

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ADOdb Date/Time Library


PHP native date functions use integer timestamps for computations. Because of this, dates are restricted to the years 1901-2038 on Unix and 1970-2038 on Windows due to integer overflow for dates beyond those years. This library overcomes these limitations by replacing the native function's signed integers (normally 32-bits) with PHP floating point numbers (normally 64-bits).

Dates from 100 A.D. to 3000 A.D. and later have been tested. The minimum is 100 A.D. as <100 will invoke the 2 ⇒ 4 digit year conversion. The maximum is billions of years in the future, but this is a theoretical limit as the computation of that year would take too long with the current implementation of adodb_mktime().

Functions Replaced

  • Support for Daylight Savings Time may not be completely implemented, see below for how to write your own function.
  • There may be conflicting functionality with the PHP Date Default Timezone Functionality

This library replaces native functions as follows:

getdate()  with  adodb_getdate()
date()     with  adodb_date()
gmdate()   with  adodb_gmdate()
mktime()   with  adodb_mktime()
gmmktime() with  adodb_gmmktime()
strftime() with  adodb_strftime()
strftime() with  adodb_gmstrftime()

The parameters are identical, except that adodb_date() accepts a subset of date()'s field formats. Mktime() will convert from local time to GMT, and date() will convert from GMT to local time, but daylight savings is not handled currently.

This library is independent of the rest of ADOdb, and can be used as standalone code.


For high speed, this library uses the native date functions where possible, and only switches to PHP code when the dates fall outside the 32-bit signed integer range.

Gregorian Correction

Pope Gregory shortened October of A.D. 1582 by ten days. Thursday, October 4, 1582 (Julian) was followed immediately by Friday, October 15, 1582 (Gregorian).

This is handled correctly, so:

$t = adodb_mktime(0,0,0,10,15,1582) - adodb_mktime(0,0,0,10,4,1582)
print $t;
 prints  24 * 3600 (1 day)

Daylight Savings Time

ADOdb date/time library does not support daylight savings time but you can write your own function.

Function Descriptions

Function Description
adodb_time() Returns the current time measured in the number of seconds since the Unix Epoch
adodb_getdate() Returns an array containing date information
adodb_date() Convert a timestamp to a formatted local date
adodb_date2() Same as adodb_date, but 2nd parameter accepts iso date
adodb_gmdate() Convert a timestamp to a formatted GMT date
adodb_mktime() Converts a local date to a unix timestamp
adodb_gmmktime() Converts a gmt date to a unix timestamp
adodb_gmstrftime() Convert a timestamp to a formatted GMT date
adodb_strftime() Convert a timestamp to a formatted local date


Useful url for generating test timestamps

Possible future optimizations include

  1. Using an algorithm similar to Plauger's in “The Standard C Library” (page 428, xttotm.c _Ttotm() function). Plauger's algorithm will not work outside 32-bit signed range, so i decided not to implement it.
  2. Implement daylight savings, which looks awfully complicated, see
v5/datetime/datetime_index.txt · Last modified: 2016/04/13 16:38 by mnewnham