For more information on using advanced functionality in the Oracle driver, read the Advanced Oracle Tutorial
This is the preferred driver for connecting to Oracle databases Despite its name, this driver supports Oracle databases up to and including Oracle 11.
This is currently the only supported driver when using PHP 7
Non portable methods are not declared in the base class. Use of these methods in portable code will cause a fatal error when used with other drivers.
The following non-portable methods are available to this driver
a. PHP and Oracle reside on the same machine, use default SID, with non-persistent connections:
$conn = NewADOConnection('oci8'); $conn->connect(false, 'scott', 'tiger');
b. TNS Name defined in tnsnames.ora (or ONAMES or HOSTNAMES), eg. 'myTNS':
$conn = NewADOConnection('oci8'); $conn->connect(false, 'scott', 'tiger', 'myTNS');
$conn->connect('myTNS', 'scott', 'tiger');
c. Host Address and SID
$conn->connectSID = true; $conn->connect('192.168.0.1', 'scott', 'tiger', 'SID');
d. Host Address and Service Name
$conn->connect('192.168.0.1', 'scott', 'tiger', 'servicename');
e. Oracle connection string:
$cstr = "(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP) (HOST=$host) (PORT=$port) ) (CONNECT_DATA=(SID=$sid) ) )"; $conn->connect($cstr, 'scott', 'tiger');
f. ADOdb data source names (dsn):
$dsn = 'oci8://user:pwd@tnsname/?persist'; # persist is optional $conn = ADONewConnection($dsn); # no need for connect/pConnect
$dsn = 'oci8://user:pwd@host/sid'; $conn = ADONewConnection($dsn);
$dsn = 'oci8://user:pwd@/'; # oracle on local machine $conn = ADONewConnection($dsn);
With ADOdb data source names, there is no need to call
pConnect() as this is done automatically.
By default, after connection the following SQL is issued:
"ALTER SESSION SET NLS_DATE_FORMAT='".$this->NLS_DATE_FORMAT."'"
The default value for
YYYY-MM-DD. To include time as well, use
RRRR-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS or set the value to empty to disable this action.
Auto-increment support for Oracle databases is implemented by creating an on-insert trigger that retrieves a sequence number from a sequence SEQ_ + table name . This is done by default.
This driver extends the oci8 driver and mostly provides compatibility with MySQL databases which use the ? placeholder for bind params.
If you are migrating code or writing portable code, consider using the param() command to write portable placeholders.
A second difference to this driver is that it does not create a sequence to emulate auto-increment fields. You must provide the functionality yourself if you need it.
This driver provides an undocumented enhancement to the oci8 driver
This driver provides an undocumented enhancement to the oci8 driver. The differences in the driver relate solely to the use of cursors in stored procedures. This may be related to information in the function executeCursor and the Oracle Tutorial. If you have the appropriate expertise and the time to investigate and explain these drivers, let us know.
Support for oracle databases versions 7 and lower was removed in PHP version 5.1. In ADOdb version 6, the Oracle driver will be removed
This driver provided support to oracle 7 and lower databases. The driver is obsolete, and not supported by PHP and will be removed in ADOdb version 6.0.